National strategic framework for chronic conditions
National strategic framework for chronic conditions Assignment Help
Critical review of the National Strategic Framework for Chronic Conditions.
A critical review refers the summarization and evaluation of information and ideas that are presented in different articles, journals, books or policies. Critically reviewing an article or policy helps in expressing the point of view in the light of knowledge that is gained on the subject (Singh 2013). In addition, critiquing a particular text creates provisions for considering both the strengths and weakness of the article under review.
This assignment will involve a critical analysis of the National Strategic Framework for Chronic Conditions, Australia. The primary vision of this policy is to help all Australians live a healthy live through effective management and prevention of chronic health conditions. The framework is an overarching policy document that has been formulated for chronic conditions that sets certain directions and outcomes.
Chronic health disorders are considered as long term health problems globally, and manifest several ongoing effects. The National Strategic Framework for Chronic Conditions has been developed under the auspice of the Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council (AHMAC), and has been led by the Australian Government Department of Health (Hennessy 2017). The policy guides the formulation and implementation of the policies, strategies, services and actions that are required to address the chronic health conditions, the aim of improving health outcomes.
Chronic health conditions refer to human diseases that are persistent or have long-lasting effects (Tinetti, Fried and Boyd 2012). The conditions addressed by the framework include, cancer, cardiovascular disease, substance abuse, diabetes, AIDS, nutrition deficiency, depression, Alzheimer’s disease among many others. Owing to the fact that the burden of chronic diseases has increased over the past decades, this framework focuses on its implementing polices that will reduce the severity of the chronic condition.
The framework focuses on preventing and managing chronic health conditions and intends to involve individuals, families, carers, government and non-governmental organizations, public and the private healthcare sectors.
Focus on prevention for a healthier Australia
The major strength of this policy lies in the fact that it intends to improve the health status of all Australians, while reducing healthcare expenditures and ensuring a sustainable care system. Research evidences suggest that poor nutrition and dietary patterns, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol consumption and change in lifestyle increase the burden of chronic diseases.
Promote health and reduce risk
The policy was accurate in identifying the various behavioral, biomedical, non-modifiable, physical and social and economic factors that determine the health outcomes among Australians. Poor educational attainment and unemployment contribute significantly to poor health outcomes (Virtanen, Janlert and Hammarström 2013). Community based education programs help in engaging members of the community and leads to improvement and enhancement of the quality of life (Awoonor-Williams et al. 2013).
Furthermore, it identified the need for equipping the health workforce, and health literacy using evidence based practices and innovative diagnostic solutions. While, health literacy allows individuals to obtain, and understand relevant health information for accurate decision making, evidence-based public health utilizes evaluation research that emphasizes on effective health interventions (Sørensen et al. 2012).
Partnerships for health
The strengths of this strategy lie in identifying the key stakeholders who are directly able to influence physical, mental and social health of Australians. Stakeholders play an essential role in promoting good health and building a healthy nation (Mohammad Mosadeghra 2013). The strategy adequately identified collaboration between health partners and clear governance for promoting good health status. The focus of the strategy on fostering responsible collaboration is another good practice. Modern health promotion requires effective alliance and collaboration with the internal and external stakeholders (Chakraborty, Bhattacharya and Dobrzykowski 2014). However, one weakness is associated with failure to mention the allocation of responsibility for each stakeholder.
Critical life stages
Identification of maternal and children health and nutrition needs was a correct approach as it contributes significantly to infant mortality reduction. Furthermore, this strategy recognized health impacts of adequate nutrition and breast feeding. Proper nutrition and breastfeeding helps a child to gain adequate proteins, calcium, vitamins and fats (Victora et al. 2016). This priority area also intends to facilitate the transition of young people to adulthood and reduce the rates of peer pressure, alcohol and substance abuse. Research evidences state that addiction typically occurs during such transition (Iwamoto and Smiler 2013). Thus, the strategic plan area is quite well formulated.
Timely and appropriate detection and intervention
This part of the framework correctly focused on incorporating regular health checkups, risk assessments and diagnostic screening programs for identification of chronic disorders. This is strength, as use of innovative diagnostic tools help in early detection of diseases, thereby reducing their severity and helps in longer survival (Ventola 2014). However, a mention of the advanced diagnostic tools that will be implemented will help in better health outcomes.
Provide efficient, effective and appropriate care to support people with chronic conditions to optimise quality of life
This strategy aims on improving the social and health outcomes among all Australians, suffering from chronic conditions.
This recognizes the effects of active engagement of individuals in providing a patient-centred care plan and empowers people to play an informed role in healthcare processes. The strength lies in engaging individuals for decision making process. The strategy creates provisions for personalized goal settings and development of integrated care plans. Proper decision making is an essential component of patient-centred healthcare and helps in good clinical practice (Barry and Edgman-Levitan 2012). However, the procedures that will be implemented for engaging the individuals should have been mentioned.
Continuity of care
This strategy focuses on continuity of care and works towards ensuring that all individuals are provided seamless and timely access to a range of healthcare services. Thus, the strength lies in the fact that it intends to focus on effective transfer, referral and discharge of patients across the healthcare settings. Well-coordinated care facilities help in improving the health outcomes (Slayton et al. 2015). One drawback can be associated with the lack of information organising healthcare funding.