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MLC101 Law For Commerce

BUGEN 5930 Business, Society & the Planet

MLC101 Law For Commerce


Susan had been a manager at a number of successful bars over the last five years and had decided to finally open her own bar.  She contracted with Prestige Designs, a well-known Melbourne company doing interior design and finishing work to design and build the interior of her bar.  Susan believed that having the right internal design was essential for having a successful bar, and communicated this to Prestige Designs in the course of negotiations.  The contract called for all work on the interior of the bar to be completed by December 28th, so that Susan could hold a special opening party for the bar on December 31st.  In anticipation of this event, Susan paid the airfare for four of her closest friends from university from Brisbane to attend the opening evening.  Given feedback from social media, Susan expected a large crowed at the opening event and expected to turn a significant profit.  The total amount that Susan agreed to pay Prestige Designs was $40,000.

Unfortunately, many of the employees working for Prestige Designs turned out to not have proper permission to work in Australia.  The managers of Prestige Designs claimed not to know this, but when approached by Australian Immigration and Border Protection Officials, it became clear that a significant percentage of the workers did not have proper employment authorization, and were therefore prohibited from working.  Because of heightened scrutiny, Prestige Designs was unable to hire sufficient new employees in time, and had to inform Susan on December 22nd that it would not be able to finish the job on time.

Fearing that she would not be able to open the bar on time, Susan told her friends from Brisbane to not come and canceled their tickets.  In order to do this, she had to pay a $200.00 cancelation fee for each of the four tickets.

Susan was, after significant effort, able to find another company to finish the job.  However, she had to pay the new company twice as much money as she had expected to pay Prestige Designs to finish the work on the short time frame – approximately $10,000 rather than the $5,000 the remaining work would have been valued by Prestige Designs.

The Opening was also significantly less successful than Susan had hoped, earning only a small profit.  Susan suspected that the uncertainty around the completion of the bar contributed to the less than expected turnout.

The manager of Prestige Designs contacted Susan shortly after the opening, asking to be paid under the contract, claiming that it was not his fault that the work wasn’t done, but rather the fault of the government for preventing his workers from working.  He claimed that Susan had breached the contract by finding another company to do the work, as Prestige Designs would have finished the work when it had a chance to hire new employees, after the start of the new year.  In response, Susan told the Prestige Designs that they would never get a since penny from her, and in fact they should expect to hear from her lawyer.  She then called you.

Advise Susan to whether Prestige Designs has any valid claim for payment under the contract, and if so, on what grounds.  (200 words)

Advise Susan as to whether she can sue Prestige Designs for the money spent on cancellation fees for the flights for her friends.  (100 words)

Assuming that Prestige Designs would be found to be in breach of contract, advise Susan as to what damages she would likely be able to collect, and briefly explain any difficulties she would have in collecting other damages.  (300 words)

Please use case law and statutory provisions to support your answer.


ALDO, a major supermarket, is selling ALDO Green Action Flushable Bathroom Cleaning Wipes (50pk) in its current catalogue.

Steve, the managing director of FOOLWORTHS (one of ALDO’s biggest competitors), is worried that these new (and cheaper) flushable cleaning wipes will reduce sales of his competing product, FOOLWORTHS Ultimate Flushable Cleaning Wipes (50pk).

He decides to purchase a packet of ALDO’s brand of wipes that night to test them and see if they really compare. Steve found the wipes to be of great quality. However, as he found himself standing in a pool of water on his bathroom floor, he realised that wipes were, in fact, not flushable.

Advise Steve.

Please use case law and statutory provisions to support your answer.


  • Please conduct your own research for both questions.
  • Finding primary legal sources (cases and statutory provisions) is part of your digital literacy outcomes for this Unit.
  • The textbook may be used as a reference (for case facts and statutory explanations), however citing legal authority from the primary source is best practice.
  • You must reference your essay in accordance with the Deakin Harvard Referencing Guide – In particular, please see the ‘Legal sources’ referencing section:
  • In-text citations and a reference list MUST be provided.



  • Each answer is worth 10 marks (total of 20 marks).
  • Please ENSURE the typed assignment is only in ‘MSWORD’ format (no pdf or any other format). Assignments submitted in another format WILL NOT be marked and allocated a mark of ZERO. Please observe the following style guide:
  • Font – Calibri
  • Font size – 11
  • Line spacing – 1.15
  • Paragraph spacing – Double
  • Margins – 2.54cm (all sides)
  • There should be a title page and it must include:
  1. your name and student number
  2. total word count and word count for each question
  • The submission area will open one (1) week before the due date.
  • All assignments MUST BE submitted to CloudDeakin Dropbox. Email, faxes, and hardcopy submissions will not be accepted.
  • Please refer to the Marking Rubric – this is CRUCIAL.
  • The mark will reflect the student’s ability to present a legal argument using the IRAC formula: Issue, Rule, Apply, Conclude.



Before submission, please check whether you have …

  • Saved the assessment as a word document (.doc or .docx ONLY).
  • Completed all elements of the assessment according to the marking rubric.
  • Included a word count for the whole submission and each question.
  • Complied with the referencing rules.
  • Checked for any plagiarised material:


  • Proofread the document for any mistakes or errors.
  • Further support for developing your assignment writing and referencing skills is available through Study Support:

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