Health and safety in HSC Sample assignment

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Health and safety in HSC Sample assignment

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Health and Safety in health and social care

HND Health and social care



A strong relationship got build up in between the organization and its employees if an employer will take care of their health and safety. It is only possible when the workers are treating by them equally or as a human being. No discrimination is follow as rich or poor. The companies should provide best facilities of safety & health to its employees and at the time of employees’ recruitment, nothing should be hiding from them. All risk & terms are clearly states to them at that time especially in risk bearing factories.


AC1.1 In Health and Social care organizations: review systems, policies & procedures used in communicating & maintain the Health & safety at work in accordance to legislative requirements.


  1.  Health and Safety at work Act, 1974: It is the legal legislative, which pass by the government of United Kingdom. In this all those executive those are working for taking care of Health & safety of the others at their workplace, they work upon this aim with some of the strong bodies / authorities. They take care of those crowds of people who work as the diver, coalmines, working at top (height) and areas those are surround with radiations and harmful chemicals. Their purpose is to follow and consider that all the employers are following these legislatives in their workplace. (Ambulance, 2011).
  2.  Health & safety Offences Act, 2008: It is follows by the organizations that take care about their workers safety and these safety rules are taken care by the company’s trade unions under the safety committee regulations. Operational manager appointed by the company to take their training & states all the risks related with employment before recruiting them. Otherwise, it is punishable by the court.
  3.  Employment Medical advisory service act, 1972: This act will provide all the facilities of the medical examination of the workers by the organizations. Young people and women are getting this facility throughout the employment period. Doctor appointed by the factory or associated with some hospital that is on the panel of the factory & these medical facilities are given.


  1. Health & safety (First aid) regulations 1981:It includes various tasks performs by the employer-
  • It is the duty of the employer to provide First aid equipment.
  • Analyse the whole situation around working area.
  • Authority of given exemptions.
  • Duty of ordered other employees to provide the first aid treatment to the victim (Collins, 2009).
  1. 2. Management of Health & social Regulation 1999: It consist four aspects-
  • – Main elements those manage about health & safety in Organization:
  • – Perform according to requirement.
  • – Provide valuable arrangements.
  • – Resources: it means employees who avail such benefits.

The above two are perform by the owners, managers, Line Mangers and the third is by the person who is the face of the organization in providing these benefits.

  1. Mental health Care Act 2007: It implies on the population of the UK those are suffering from the Mania disease. This act passed by the government in 1983 and was revise in 2005 and last in 2007. Here all medical facilities and health care with social groups are given to these types of patients.


AC1.3 2.2 Analyse the health & safety priorities that are important to Mr. W’s health and wellbeing. In relation, analyse the impact of one aspect on health & safety policy on Mr. W and health & safety practice.

There are variant problems that may face by the social care that is risk on the management of the care home. An effective approach follows in the health and the social care base on the two methods Quantitative & Qualitative. These include the performance of the staff those offer medical or other services to the patients and evaluation of health hazards, if any. Especially in the case of the psychiatrist patient may commit suicide. There are certain policies in the favour of the health of the patients those mentioned in the legislatures of the country are strictly adhering by the care home. As the above health & safety policies are states for the concern of the people at their work place the same implies in the hospitals and the Home cares also. A proper medication & treatment is requiring for Mr. W. These types of patients handled with care & patience. Under the Mental act 1983 either they are admitted to the hospital or taken care by the relatives and nearby authorities. K is appointed to take care of Mr. W. she is professionally trained to handle such situation that arose in front of him. Patients generally forget everything and not in their senses. Under sec 117 in after care services K has sent at Mr. W’s home (Stranks, 2010). The authorities give the treatment to these patients at their home without charging any fees from them directly. If they sent patients to caring homes then they only pay fees to these homes on behalf of patients. Now here in this case study, under the policy of mental act 1983 the local authorities acts as a guardian and K is appointed by them as a guardian for Mr. W. If any of the relative of Mr. W comes and does objection in the treatment then they have to consider his opinion. It is the responsibility of K to take care & mange all matters according to the welfare of Mr. W.  An approach of PCP (person centre approach) is an appropriate suitable for handling the patient of mental disable. It is started by the government in 2001 and provides medications in improving the patient capability in their learning.

AC1.2 Draw your organizational chart using this as a guide; assess the responsibilities in a specific health & social care workplace for management of health & safety in relation to organizational structures.

(Source:  Own)

Care Home is the authority that takes care on the health & the safety of its whole region. It has many branches that take care about the health of the people of different areas. Some areas cover all the districts come under them and a proper management or team get appoints for each individual branch and take care of the security & the health. It follows the Person centred planning approach in the working. They handle the mental disabled person. Various people and organisations are involved in improving the learning and skill of the patients. There are two ways of taking care of the patients. Either make them admitted in the hospital or take care of them in their own home by their family members, social activist or psychiatrist professionals as in this case study. These authorities can bring the patients at their home centres. Here, the treatment is like home. They work with the hospitals where they can take the patients if they really need to admit. The treatment given to the patient at his/ her home called as a family practitioner where the nurse or the trained medical supervisor goes to the patient home and treats him there (Stretch, 2007). Like in the above case study” k” went to Mr. W’s home. She is the family practitioner and appointed there by the care home for taking care of Mr. W. She takes care of his health by giving him a proper medication prescribed by the doctor. She tries to handle all such situations that may occur by the psychiatrist patient with care and patience.

AC2.1 Produce a risk assessment based on your work and analyse how information from these is used in identifying service user’s needs & organizational decision-making.

Organization name: ABC Care Home

What are the hazards? Who might be harmed & how? What are you already doing? Do you need to do anything else to manage this risk? Action by whom? Action by when? Complete where+ how?
Psychiatrist patient try to attempt the suicide & if it occurs then it will be the high-risk assessment for the management of the Health & safety care authority. Mr. W by doing suicide or self-harm. Handling Mr. W by the care practitioner “K” with patience and affection Yes, a counselling session must be arranged for the patient. First, before any counselling try to win patient’s trust so that he will listen to the “k”. Ask questions openly to the patient in the counselling so that he may share his problem. A family practitioner handles the situation by doing the same as she is a trained professional and sent by the care authority. On an immediate basis. More time will be risky for the patient. K can handle the situation with providing medication & counselling to Mr. W at his home or else taken to the hospital in the presence of the other experienced doctors.



Case Study 2

Case Study 2 will be discussing on the information and its correct usage for the risk assessment and even resolution of dilemmas is done in health and social care.

2.1 Analyse how information from risk assessments would assist care planning for individuals and organizational decision making about policies and procedures which would avoid incidents similar to the one given in the study.

Policies, practices and systems at health and social care settings are developed so that there is a regularity and maintenance of the instructions and rules at workplace (Sheeran & Silverman, 2003). As per the case scenario the South Birmingham Primary Care Trust has failed in fulfilling its duty and has exposed the patient to the grave situations. This has also resulted in the severe accident for the patient at this centre. There is a requirement of the risk assessment; monitoring, handling and controlling processes and instructions that should be given to the service or the care workers so that they ensure that there is always maintained a risk free conditions are the workplace. The information that is availed from the risk assessments help in the effective care planning for the individuals working for the organization:

  • Certain examples and cases from the risk assessment ensure that the same incidents are not repeated and suitable actions are taken in this regard.
  • This information gives an insight on the ways in which the various equipment and safety devices and tools have to be handled and operated.
  • Based on the various incidents, the care planning policies, procedures and the practices would be developed for the further employment and use.

The risks assessment and its implementation have to be carried out in all types of health and social care settings irrespective of their sizes. These risk assessment and safety practices and procedures then will help in taking effective organizational decisions that would be better for the future of the health care settings (Çakir et al, 1980).

2.2 Analyse the impact on the health and safety policy on lifting and handling in health and social care practice and on the care users in the organization given in the study.

There is strong impact on the health and safety policy on handling & lifting in the health and social care practice and care takers in the organization. The impact could be explained as per the case of South Birmingham is:

  • There would be development of effective policies, practices and systems at the workplace which will help in aligning the practices with the business model of the health care settings.
  • All the employees working in partnership for the organization will get trained on the use of the devices and tools like sling in the different cases.
  • There would be efficiency in the operations of the health and safety care settings.
  • The risks and problems that may be encountered at the workplace would be avoided and controlled in the health and social care settings.
  • There should be a development and growth of the hygienic and clean environment ate the health and social care settings for security & safety of the care takers and the service users.
  • Risk assessment should not be left like that rather should be developed as a module that may help the faculty or the senior medical professionals can train all the employees working for it.

2.3 Discuss the dilemmas care workers will encounter in carrying out health and safety policies and procedures.

When care workers fulfil their duties and responsibilities in everyday life then they are bound to encounter certain dilemmas and these are listed as under:

  • The usage of specific equipment and tools may be defined under certain cases but the patient is not responding to it so whether they should be place in those circumstances.
  • To apply the same rules and regulations under all the conditions or there can be exceptions which have to be handled differently.
  • Whether the patients could be given certain substitutes in case the original medication prescribed by the doctors and specialists are not available (Viscusi, 1983).
  • To apply certain authority and entrepreneurship in certain situations in case there is lack of equipped and specialists doctors available.

These above mentioned are certain lists of dilemmas that may arise among the staff working for the South Birmingham centre. Similarly there may be various other types of situations that may lead to confusion.

2.4 Analyse the effects of non-compliance with health and safety legislation in the health and social care workplace.

There are harmful effects in case there is no follow as per compliance in the health and safety legislation, these have been listed as under:

  • There would not be clarity on the duties, roles and responsibilities of the various staff working for the Social and health care settings. As happened for case too, there was non-clarity on what has to be exposed to the service user. Due to non-clarity, the staff may function reversely and their entire functionality would be affected.
  • The staff will keep on quarrelling and fighting with each other. This is due to the reason that they will postpone and delegate their tasks on others thereby making each other unhappy and dissatisfied thereby developing unhealthy work environment.
  • The organization will have low productivity and lack in terms of the efficiency that has to be obtained and achieved.
  • There could be audits and checks by the governmental authorities there by failing the organization in following the compliances and cancelling the licenses of the health and social care settings.

When the health and social care organizations will not be complying with the legislative requirements and acts there the entire purpose and function of the health and social are settings would be spoiled.
In the nutshell it could be said that safety regulations and processes have their significance in the health and social care settings. Unless there is proper compliance of the policies, procedures and systems, there would always be risks, problems and dilemmas that would exist in the health care settings.

Case Study 3

Case Study 3 would be an understanding on the monitoring and review of health and safety in the health and social care workplace. Health and Safety has to be maintained at the workplace under the said rules, regulations, provisions and the acts that are being developed. It is also important that the policies, systems or the procedures that are developed are compared and benchmarked with the industry standards. This will help us in assessing and improving them to the highest level of performance.

3.1 Based on the information given in the document explain how health and safety practices are monitored and reviewed.

Health and safety practices have to be monitored and checked on regular intervals. This is due to the reason that the things designed may be applied and implemented in the initial or the earlier situations but may change with the change in the environment. As per the case, there was use or rubber wheels in the hoists and they disabled the smooth movement of hoists on the carpets that were spread in the newly built hospital. Hospital had been built with the best available and featured services being the new one but there were many difficulties that were experienced by the nurses (Gunningham & Johnstone, 1999). Based on the changing requirements and the needs of the situations, there should be alterations and modifications that should be done in the safety & health settings. In the scenario given, the hospital could take the actions for replacing the carpets that are not acting as a difficulty for the movement of hoists. Or the hospital authorities could replace the rubber wheels with that of some other material wheels. This would only be possible when the systems, policies and practices would be monitored, reviewed and evaluated on regular intervals resolving the issues. It is also sure that when the monitoring and control of the processes is done in time and as per the regular intervals then surely each and every member associated with the health and social care settings would be able to stay healthy, fit and fine.

3.2 Analyse the effectiveness of health and safety policies and practice in the workplace in promoting a positive health and safety culture.

The policies and the practices that are developed and implemented at the workplace should be made effective. This would surely help in the promotion of positive safety & health culture. This is due to the reason that when these are implemented then surely all kinds of risks, problems and issues arising are resolved at the earliest. Above all the staff working for this safety and health settings is trained and equipped with the skills and competencies. This would help the staff in following and implementing their duties and responsibilities well ahead in time. The specific and special needs service users will be provided with a lot of facilities and benefits as per their requirements. They will help in developing systematic and regulated health and safety work place and healthy work culture and environment which will promote health, safety and wellbeing of all the individuals at workplace. There should be clear and efficient guidelines and instructions to all in performing their duties well. There should be a continuous system that could easily monitor and control the processes and functions at the workplace for the health and safety of the staff and patients. Responsibilities, roles and profiles of each and every individual must be known to all so that they perform their duties and instructions well. The effectiveness of the policies and practices would help in the creation and growth of the healthy, safe and secure work environment for the staff working for the health and social care setting. This would also ensure the safe and secure living environment for the various service users.

3.3. Evaluate own contributions in placing the health and safety needs of individuals at centre practice.

The staffs working for the health and social care settings have to abide by the respective duties and responsibilities well. This could easily be explained with the help of Gibbs Reflective Cycle. The stages as descried in Gibbs Reflective Cycle are: Description of the event, feelings associated with it, evaluation of the situation, analysis on what could be done and finally concluding on what will be done and making the action plan on it on what has to be done for resolving it. This explains and gives the understanding of one’s own contributions that one should render for the working to become effective at the health and social care settings. There is an urgency that the reason for the occurrence of a situation in a specific way has to be studied and understood. This has to be made understood as why such things occur in a specific way. Then based on the understanding of the situation, the evaluation of the same has to be done. Evaluation will help in concluding of the situation. The contribution would be developing the health and social care place to be the best place that is understood, evaluated and resolved well and creating the best and healthy work environment at health and social care settings (Lippin et al, 2000).
Health and Safety at workplace of health and social care would be ensured when the staffs would ensure that there is clarity in their roles and principles, rules, policies and practices are being followed as per the assigned and required legislations and policies. These health and safety legislations have to be studied, monitored and reviewed at regular intervals so that changes are introduced enabling a healthy work environment at workplace. This would make the health and safety at priority to be maintained at workplace. There should be a strict compliance of the legislative and health and safety policies. The culture at health and social care workplace has to be maintained effectively. Finally it could be said that each and every individual has to contribute and effectively follow and implement the set system, policies, practices and procedures so that the safety and health at workplace is ensured (Shannon et al, 1996).


The dilemmas that exist among the care workers in performing their duties, responsibilities and the services have to be cleared and resolved. Effective and correct information has to be spread and delivered or communicated to the staff working at health and social care so that they perform their duties well and avoid risks.

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